What Birds Eat Mealworms: A Closer Look At What Birds Truly Love To Eat

What birds eat mealworms

Bird feeding has become a beloved pastime for nature enthusiasts and a means of supporting avian populations. Among the diverse array of foods available to entice birds to our gardens and feeders, mealworms hold a special place. These small, wriggly larvae are packed with essential nutrients that cater to the dietary needs of various bird species. In this article, we delve into the intriguing world of birds that feast on mealworms, exploring the range of species that benefit from these protein-rich morsels. By understanding the importance of mealworms in attracting and nourishing birds, we can enhance our bird-feeding experiences while fostering a thriving avian ecosystem.

What birds eat mealworms?

Mealworms are a highly sought-after food source for numerous bird species. Many garden birds, such as bluebirds, robins, and wrens, relish these protein-packed larvae. Songbirds like sparrows and finches are also known to enjoy mealworms, which provide an additional nutritional boost to their diet. Woodpeckers, orioles, and hummingbirds are among the species that find mealworms irresistible. These tiny morsels offer a valuable source of sustenance, attracting and nourishing a diverse range of birds. Whether you’re a bird enthusiast or simply interested in creating a bird-friendly environment, incorporating mealworms into your feeding routine can be a rewarding and effective way to support avian populations.

Mealworm’s Nutritional Value For Birds

Mealworms offer birds substantial nutritional value, making them a highly beneficial food source. These tiny larvae are packed with protein, which is essential for avian growth, development, and maintenance. Protein plays a crucial role in muscle formation, tissue repair, and the production of vital enzymes and hormones.

In addition to protein, mealworms provide birds with essential amino acids, the building blocks of proteins that birds cannot synthesize independently. These amino acids are necessary for various physiological processes, including feather growth, organ function, and immune system support.

Mealworms also contain healthy fats, including polyunsaturated fatty acids like omega-3 and omega-6. These fats are essential for birds’ energy metabolism, insulation, and the health of their feathers and skin. They contribute to optimal brain function, reproductive success, and overall vitality.

Furthermore, mealworms are a source of vitamins and minerals vital for avian health. They contain vitamin A, which supports vision and immune function, and vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage. Mealworms also provide minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, which aid in bone strength, eggshell formation, and electrolyte balance.

Overall, mealworms offer birds a nutritious and well-rounded diet. Their high protein content, essential amino acids, beneficial fats, and essential vitamins and minerals make them a valuable food source supporting birds’ overall health, energy levels, and reproduction.

Bird Species That Eat Mealworms

Numerous bird species have a penchant for mealworms and incorporate them into their diets. Here are several examples of bird species known to eat mealworms:

Bluebirds: Bluebirds are particularly fond of mealworms and are often attracted to feeders offering these nutritious larvae. Mealworms provide them with a valuable source of protein, aiding their growth, feather development, and breeding success.

Robins: Robins are primarily insectivorous and readily consume mealworms when available. These protein-rich morsels are an enticing addition to their diet, especially during the breeding season when they require ample nourishment for raising their chicks.

Wrens: Wrens are small insectivorous birds known for their energetic foraging behavior. They eagerly consume mealworms, which provide them with a high-protein food source to sustain their active lifestyle and support their reproductive efforts.

Sparrows: Many species of sparrows, including house and song sparrows, readily consume mealworms. These tiny birds are attracted to the high nutritional value of mealworms and often visit feeders where they are offered as a supplement to their natural diet.

Finches: Finches, such as goldfinches and house finches, are primarily seed eaters. However, they occasionally supplement their diet with insects, including mealworms. Offering mealworms can attract finches to your feeders, providing them with an additional protein source.

Thrushes: Thrushes, such as American robins and hermit thrushes, have a diverse diet that includes a wide range of invertebrates. Mealworms offer these thrush species a nutrient-rich food source, particularly during migration when they require substantial energy reserves.

Woodpeckers: Woodpeckers, like the downy and hairy woodpeckers, are attracted to mealworms. These insectivorous birds use their strong beaks to extract the larvae from crevices, enjoying the protein boost that mealworms provide.

Orioles: Orioles, including the Baltimore oriole and orchard oriole, have a varied diet that includes nectar, fruit, and insects. Mealworms are an enticing food option for orioles, offering them a rich source of protein and nutrients.

Hummingbirds: While hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar, they also consume insects to meet their protein requirements. Mealworms are occasionally consumed by hummingbirds, providing them with a concentrated source of protein and essential nutrients.

How Do Mealworms Attract And Benefit Wrens?

Wrens are attracted to mealworms due to their high nutritional value and suitability as a food source. Here’s how mealworms can benefit wrens:

Nutritional Value: 

Mealworms are rich in protein, which is crucial for wrens’ growth, development, and overall health. Protein supports muscle formation, tissue repair, and the production of vital enzymes and hormones. By consuming mealworms, wrens obtain a concentrated source of high-quality protein that fulfills their dietary requirements.

Energy Source:

Wrens are highly active birds that require a significant amount of energy to fuel their constant foraging and hopping behavior. Mealworms provide them with a readily available energy source, allowing wrens to sustain their energetic lifestyle and meet their high metabolic demands.

Nesting and Breeding Success:

Wrens are cavity nesters and often seek out secure locations to build their nests. Providing mealworms can attract wrens to your yard or garden, increasing the likelihood of them selecting your nest boxes or natural cavities for breeding. The protein-rich mealworms contribute to the parent’s overall health and help them raise healthy chicks by providing the necessary nutrients for growth and development.

Natural Foraging Behavior: 

Wrens are skilled insectivores constantly looking for small invertebrates as part of their natural foraging behavior. Mealworms mimic the texture, size, and movement of many insect species, making them an enticing food option for wrens. Offering mealworms in feeders or scattering them in suitable areas can attract wrens and provide them with a familiar and nutritious food source.

Increased Feeder Visitation: 

By providing mealworms in feeders, you can attract wrens to your yard and increase their presence. Wrens are known to be curious and opportunistic feeders, and the availability of mealworms can entice them to explore your feeding stations, allowing you to observe and enjoy their delightful presence up close.

Tips For Feeding Birds With Mealworms

  • Purchase fresh and high-quality mealworms from reputable suppliers. Look for plump and active larvae, as these indicate freshness. Avoid mealworms that are discolored or have a strong odor.
  • Store mealworms in a cool, dry place to maintain freshness. The optimal storage temperature is typically between 50-60°F (10-15°C). Consider using a well-ventilated container with a lid, and provide a substrate like oatmeal or bran for the mealworms to burrow in.
  • Use feeders designed explicitly for mealworms or small dishes with smooth sides to prevent escape. Avoid open trays or platforms that may allow mealworms to crawl away. Ensure the feeder is secure and stable, preventing it from being knocked over by larger birds or animals.
  • If you’re introducing mealworms, offer a small amount and gradually increase the quantity. This allows the birds to become familiar with the new food source and minimizes waste.
  • While mealworms are an excellent source of protein, it’s essential to offer a well-rounded diet. Supplement mealworms with other bird foods such as seeds, suet, or nectar to provide a balanced nutritional intake for the birds.

Bottom Line

Feeding birds with mealworms can be beneficial and enjoyable for bird enthusiasts. Mealworms offer birds a nutritious source of protein, essential fats, vitamins, and minerals. By incorporating mealworms into your feeding routine, you can attract a diverse range of bird species, support their health, aid their breeding success, and provide them with the energy they need. Remember to choose high-quality mealworms, use appropriate feeders, supplement with other bird foods, maintain cleanliness, ensure safety, and observe and appreciate the birds that visit. By following these guidelines, you can create a rewarding bird-feeding experience while making a positive impact on avian populations.


Q: Where can I purchase mealworms for bird feeding?

A: Mealworms can be purchased from various sources. You can check local pet supply stores, birding specialty stores, or garden centers. Additionally, many online retailers offer mealworms for bird feeding and deliver them to your doorstep.

Q: How often should I feed birds with mealworms?

A: The frequency of feeding birds with mealworms can vary. It is generally recommended to offer mealworms a few times a week or as a supplement to their regular diet. Observing the birds’ feeding patterns and adjusting accordingly can help ensure they receive an adequate amount without excessive waste.

Q: Which bird feeders are best for offering mealworms?

A: There are specialized mealworm feeders designed to prevent escape and make it easy for birds to access the mealworms. These feeders typically have smooth sides and small openings to allow birds to reach in and grab the mealworms. You can also use small dishes or trays with smooth sides to serve mealworms effectively.

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